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Resources

Published onDec 28, 2019
Resources
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General


#Organisation

Open Data Charter

The Open Data Charter is a collaboration between governments and organizations working to open up data based on a shared set of Principles. With 73 government adopters and 53 organizations endorsers, our goal is to embed open data as a central ingredient to achieving better solutions to the most pressing policy challenges of our time.


#Book

State of Open Data: Histories and Horizons

Tim Davies, Stephen B. Walker, Mor Rubinstein, and Fernando Perini (Editors)

The State of Open Data brings together more than 60 authors from around the world to address these questions and to take stock of the real progress made to date across sectors and around the world, uncovering the issues that will shape the future of open data in the years to come.


#CaseStudies

Open Data’s Impact

NYU GovLab

The Open Data’s Impact repository, developed by the GovLab in partnership with Omidyar Network, seeks to: 1) Provide a more nuanced understanding of the various processes and factors underlying the demand, supply, release, use and ultimately impact of open data; 2) Assess and provide evidence for the premise that open data has the potential to impact society in a variety of beneficial ways; and 3) Provide actionable insights to policymakers, civil society representatives, entrepreneurs, researchers and others seeking to release or use open data.


#Report

Open Data Demand: Toward an Open Data Demand Assessment and Segmentation Methodology

NYU GovLab

The GovLab, in partnership with the Inter-American Development Bank, and with the support of the French Development Agency developed the Open Data Demand and Assessment Methodology (Beta) to provide open data policymakers and practitioners with an approach for identifying, segmenting, and engaging with demand. This process specifically seeks to empower data champions within public agencies who want to improve their data’s ability to improve people’s lives.


#Network

The OD500 Global Network

NYU GovLab

The OD500 Global Network is an international network of organizations that seek to study the use and impact of open data. Coordinated by the Governance Lab (GovLab) the OD500 Global Network enables participating organizations to analyze open data in their country in a manner that is both globally comparative and domestically specific.


#Repository

Open Governance and Civic Technology Research Repository

NYU GovLab

Despite a flourishing of civic innovation, civic tech, open government and open data -- innovative uses of technology to enable citizens and institutions to tackle society’s biggest problems together -- we know too little about what kinds of innovation work, when, why, and under what conditions.... The Research Repository seeks to curate and help design research on solving public problems differently.


#Report

Feminist Open Government: Addressing Gender Equity Challenges in Open Government Co-creation Processes - Case Studies from Latin America, Africa and Asia

Open Data for Development Network and International Development Research Centre

This paper is the first in a series aimed to support policy makers, reformers, and advocates with new analysis, findings, and recommendations on implementing more gender sensitive and transformative open government participatory processes, and scope for new commitments.


#Report

International Open Data Conference 2015: Enabling the Data Revolution - An International Open Data Roadmap

Open Data for Development Network

Titled “Enabling the Data Revolution”, the conference was designed as a platform to discuss a roadmap for the international open data community. In person and online, the participants produced 200+ presentations, 20,000+ tweets, 100+ blog posts, and 33+ hours of videos. This was preceded by many pre-events co-hosted by the Open Data for Development program (OD4D), which included the first Open Data Leaders Summit, Open Data Research Symposium, Open Data Unconference, Connecting Standards Day, and many more.


#Report

International Open Data Conference 2016: International Open Data Roadmap - Global Goals Local Impacts

Open Data for Development Network

Supported by a full online archive of the 80+ sessions and 20+ special events held in Madrid during the first week of October 2016, this report reflects on the discussions and debates that took place, as well as the information shared on a wide range of vibrant global initiatives in order to map out the road ahead, strengthen cohesion among existing efforts, and explore new ways to use open data to drive social and economic inclusion around the world.


#Report

Open Data Leaders Network Digest

Open Data Institute and Open Data for Development Network

The digest represents a collection of reflections from these leaders about their experience in driving change, with insights about embedding reform, working in coalition, tackling implementation challenges and stimulating innovative uses of data. Also included are observations from the ODI on the qualities of effective open data leaders, the role of openness during times of political transition and the future of a data-driven civil service.


#Paper

Open data: An international comparison of strategies

Noor Huijboom & Tijs van den Broek

In this article we will give a brief overview of the research results and define key challenges for effective open data policy. Two of the main conclusions are that sound evidence of the precise effects is lacking (e.g. economic, social and democratic effects) and that the acquisition of more knowledge could strengthen a well-informed debate, remove governments' reluctance to invest in open data strategies and help them to develop an effective policy.


#Article

Mapping open data governance models: Who makes decisions about government data and how?

Ana Brandusescu, Danny Lämmerhirt and Stefaan Verhulst

In what follows, we seek to develop the initial contours of a research agenda on open data governance models. We start from the premise that different countries have different models to govern and administer their activities – in short, different ‘governance models’.


#Article

Open data governance and open governance: interplay or disconnect?

Ana Brandusescu, Carlos Iglesias, Danny Lämmerhirt, and Stefaan Verhulst

In the following, we illustrate possible questions to start mapping the layers of open data governance. As they reflect the experiences of session participants, we see them as starting points for fresh ethnographic and descriptive research on the daily practices of open data governance in governments.


#Report

Open Data in Developing Economies: Toward Building an Evidence Base on What Works and How

Stefaan Verhulst & Andrew Young

This move toward open data is part of a broader global trend toward more data-driven decision making in policymaking and development — a manifestation of what is sometimes called the “data revolution.” The growing enthusiasm surrounding open data gives rise to several questions about open data’s unique features to foster change. Can it truly improve people’s lives in the developing world — and, if so, how and under what conditions?


#Report

Africa Data Revolution Report 2018: Status and Emerging Impact of Open Data in Africa

Jean-Paul Van Belle, Danny Lämmerhirt, Carlos Iglesias, Paul Mungai, Hubeidatu Nuhu, Mbongeni Hlabano, Tarik Nesh-Nash, & Sarang Chaudhary

The Africa Data Revolution Report 2018 delves into the recent evolution and current state of open data – with an emphasis on Open Government Data – in the African data communities. It explores key countries across the continent, researches a wide range of open data initiatives, and benefits from global thematic expertise. This second edition improves on process, methodology and collaborative partnerships from the first edition. It draws from country reports, existing global and continental initiatives, and key experts’ input, in order to provide a deep analysis of the actual impact of open data in the African context.


#Report

Open Data Agenda-setting for Asia 2015: Workshop Report

Open Data Lab Jakarta & World Wide Web Foundation

Through an Outcome Mapping approach (see Annex 2: Workshop Agenda), the workshop sought to achieve the following objectives: 1. Refine the selection of sectors to engage in and key issues to be addressed… 2. Shape the design of Call for Papers, including sectors, countries and specific challenges, for a) sectoral scoping studies and b) action research projects to be conducted… 3. Build and foster relationships with strategic partners… 4. Ensure that the agenda for open data research and development in the region is set, owned and driven from within that region… 5. Engage with stakeholders to act as mentors and advisors in the development and implementation of studies and action research projects…


#Report

Open Data in Asia

Waltraut Ritter

The study shall contribute to a better understanding of Open Data for socio-economic development and innovation, and stimulate discussion among the different stakeholders of the Digital Economy/Open Data community in government, business, academia, and civil society. It also aims to contribute to more collaboration and activities across the Asia Pacific region. Currently, most countries develop national Open Data strategies, however, there are many issues that require cross-border data exchange and analysis. Public Open Data is always also global data, as anyone can access and use it


#Paper

Open Data Landscape: A Global Perspective and a Focus on China

Charles Shen, Zainab Riaz, Madhuri Palle, Qiurui Jin, & Feniosky Peña-Mora

This paper surveys the global open data landscape by taking into account the Open Data Barometer (ODB) ranking system and its three sub-indexes - readiness, implementation and impact. These indexes are compared and analyzed on the basis of income levels of the ODB ranked countries.


#BookChapter

Open Government Data Licences in the Greater China Region

Jyh-An Lee

This chapter focuses on legal issues associated wth OGD licenses in the Greater China regon - namely, Hong Kong, Mainland China and Taiwan. Different government agencies with different polcy goals have set different legal terms under which they will release the data. These terms reflect policy considerations that differ from those contemplated in business transactions or share in typical commons scenarios, such as free or open source software communities.


#Paper

One way traffic: The open data initiative project and the need for an effective demand side initiative in Ghana

Frank L.K. Ohemenga & Kwaku Ofosu-Adarkwab

The Ghana Open Data Initiative (GODI) project strives to create an open data community that will enable government (supply side) and civil society in general (demand side) to exchange data and information. We argue that the GODI is too narrowly focused on the supply side of the project, and suggest that it should generate an even platform to improve interaction between government and citizens to ensure a balance in knowledge sharing with and among all constituencies.


#Toolkit

Do-it-Yourself Open Data Toolkit

Open North and Government of Canada

The Do-it-Yourself (DIY) Open Data Toolkit is an instructional manual that provides a step-by-step guide on how to develop your open data initiative. It brings together training materials, best practices, tools and resources to help you prepare for and implement an open data project.


#Organisation

Open Knowledge Foundation

Open Knowledge Foundation is a global non-profit organisation focused on realising open data’s value to society by helping civil society groups access and use data to take action on social problems. Open Knowledge Foundation does this in three ways: 1) We show the value of open data for the work of civil society organizations; 2) We provide organisations with the tools and skills to effectively use open data; 3) We make government information systems responsive to civil society.


#Organisation

Open Data Institute

The ODI was co-founded in 2012 by the inventor of the web Sir Tim Berners-Lee and artificial intelligence expert Sir Nigel Shadbolt to show the value of open data, and to advocate for the innovative use of open data to affect positive change across the globe.


#Organisation

Sunlight Foundation

The Sunlight Foundation is a national, nonpartisan, nonprofit organization that uses civic technologies, open data, policy analysis and journalism to make our government and politics more accountable and transparent to all. Our vision is for technology to enable more complete, equitable and effective democratic participation. Our overarching goal is to achieve changes in the law to require real-time, online transparency for all government information. And, while our work began in 2006 with only a focus on the U.S. Congress, our open government work now takes place at the local, state, federal and international levels.


#Organisation

Transparency and Accountability Initiative

TAI members are leading funders of transparency, accountability and participation efforts worldwide. We are committed to building a more just, equitable and inclusive society.


#Organisation

Open Development Mekong

East-West Management Institute

East-West Management Institute, Inc., (EWMI), is an international independent not-for-profit organization, working to strengthen democratic societies by bringing together government, civil society, and the private sector – to build accountable, capable and transparent institutions. EWMI conceived Open Development Initiative (ODI) to stimulate public demand, builds coalitions, and offer a constantly evolving platform to support the transparent sharing and analysis of data to improve and inform constructive dialogue and decision making for sustainable and equitable development… The Open Development Mekong and country websites are open source and open knowledge platforms, striving to meet emerging international open data standards.


#Organisation

Sinar Project

Based in Malaysia, Sinar is a civic tech initiative which works to build tools to make government data open and accessible to the Malaysian population. By acting as an intermediary, the Sinar Project aims to make Malaysian Parliament more transparent. Their projects include the Government Documents Archive, FixMyStreet, Civil Society Open Data Portal, tracking FOI requests, and hosting a variety of technical services created to make data more open and usable.


#Organisation

Open Data Watch


#Organisation

Global Partnership for Sustainable Development Data


#Organisation

Open Data for Development Network


#Organisation

Centre for Open Data Enterprise


Open Budget

https://www.stateofopendata.od4d.net/chapters/sectors/government-finance.html

International Budget Partnership, Open Budget Survey, https://www.internationalbudget.org/open-budget-survey/

The International Budget Partnership promotes publicly available budget systems which take accountability measures into account. The Open Budget Survey exists to assess budget transparency based on quantity and timeliness of budget data provided. Each country is given a score which determines their rank on the Open Budget Index. Most recently, a global survey conducted in 2017 shows a global decline in transparency; however, as a region, Asia’s average score rose more substantially than others.

Open Budgets India, https://openbudgetsindia.org/

This resource allows users to search for Union, State, and District level fiscal data in India. Available data is organized by linked explorers, data types (documents, machine-readable datasets, etc.), tiers of governments, and sectors. Initiated and led by the Centre for Budget and Governance Accountability (CBGA), a non-profit research organization promoting transparency, Open Budgets exists to provide relevant and accessible information and bolster discourse around public budgetary action.

Esteban Ortiz-Ospina and Max Roser, Government Spending, https://ourworldindata.org/government-spending

This historical, regional, and economic analysis tracks trends and shifts in government expenditures. Examining social spending and procurement specifically, this resource explores the significance it bears on government spending as a whole and how it differs among countries and regions. The report concludes that monitoring government spending is an effective way to monitor and reduce inequality.

Open spending database explorer and contributor tool, https://openspending.org/

In partnership with Adessium, GIFT, Hewlett, and OpenBudgets, OpenSpending is a global platform in which users can search, visualize, analyze and contribute fiscal data. The platform aslo includes a discussion forum with various threads and OpenSpending tutorial videos.

Open Contracting

https://www.open-contracting.org/

https://sunlightfoundation.com/our-work/open-cities/open-contracting/

https://www.opengovpartnership.org/policy-area/open-contracting-procurement/

https://www.transparency.org/whatwedo/publication/recommendations_on_open_contracting_for_open_government_partnership_nationa

https://openupcontracting.org/


Open Contracting Partnership, Open Contracting Data Standard, http://standard.open-contracting.org/latest/en/


By defining a common data model, the Open Contracting Data Standard enables organizations to build upon transparent practices by encouraging them to disclose contracting data at all stages of the contracting process. The standards are created by OCP, developed by the World Wide Web Foundation, supported by the WB and Omidyar Network, and manged by Open Data Services Cooperative.


Open Contracting Partnership, Asia rising: the next frontier for open contracting, https://www.open-contracting.org/2018/11/26/asia-rising-the-next-frontier-for-open-contracting/


Open contracting stories https://medium.com/open-contracting-stories


Open Contracting: https://www.open-contracting.org/wp-content/uploads/2018/07/OCP18-Mythbusting.pdf

This report by the Open Contracting Partnership frames common arguments against opening up contracting information as myths and uses examples to debunk them. With this resource, the reader can gain insights on the challenges facing open contracting and how best to address and resolve them. It also provides graphics and charts to demonstrate the stages of the procurement cycle and denotes the associated myth at each stage. Overall, the reader can understand the factors and context required for open contracting and steps to take to ensure these requirements are in place.


(2) Hivos, Article 19, and Open Contract Partnership, Open contracting lessons from 15 countries, https://www.open-contracting.org/wp-content/uploads/2016/12/OC-HivosArticle19-synthesisreport-1.pdf


(2) Transparency International, Making the Case for Open Contracting in Healthcare Procurement, http://ti-health.org/wp-content/uploads/2017/01/Making_The_Case_for_Open_Contracting_TI_PHP_Web.pdf


(2)(?) Open Contracting Partnership, Why open contracting is essential to open government, https://www.open-contracting.org/wp-content/uploads/2016/01/OCP2015_Brief-OpenContracting-OGP.pdf


(2) World Bank Institute and Open Contracting Partnership, Open Contracting: A New Frontier for Transparency and Accountability, https://www.open-contracting.org/wp-content/uploads/2016/02/OCP2013_Paper-NewFrontierforTransparency.pdf


(?) Open Contracting Partnership, Open Contracting in Africa: The next generation of action, https://www.open-contracting.org/wp-content/uploads/2016/05/OCP2016-Africa-brief-web.pdf


Indonesia Corruption Watch, Open Tender: How Opening Up Contracts Can Prevent Corruption, https://openupcontracting.org/open-tender-how-opening-up-contracts-can-prevent-corruption/

http://webfoundation.org/docs/2017/04/2017_OpenDataIndonesia_EN-2.pdf


Andrew Mandelbaum and Mihai Postelnicu, Developer-to-Developer Mentorship in Bandung, Indonesia: A Blueprint for Open Contracting Success, https://www.developmentgateway.org/blog/developer-developer-mentorship-bandung-indonesia-blueprint-open-contracting-success


Rodrigo Parra, Analyzing Open Contracting data using the R programming language, https://github.com/rparrapy/ocds-r-manual/blob/master/manual.Rmd


Posted by Rodrgo Parra on github, this manual provides information on how users can use R code to visualize and analyse government data. The guidelines provided in this manual are created in line with the Open Contracting Data Standard and guides the user from acquisition to presentation of data.

Legislative Data


https://f.briatte.org/parlviz/

https://www.govtrack.us/

https://parltrack.org/

https://opengovdata.io

https://openparliament.ca/

https://blog.okfn.org/2016/07/08/announcing-the-legislative-openness-data-explorer/

https://openspending.org/

http://openbudgets.eu/

http://www.openhluttaw.info/en_US/

https://parlamericas.org/uploads/documents/Roadmap-EN-SCREEN.pdf

https://www.open-contracting.org/wp-content/uploads/2016/05/OCP2016-Africa-brief-web.pdf

https://www.open-contracting.org/wp-content/uploads/2016/02/OCP2013_Paper-NewFrontierforTransparency.pdf


K. Scott Hubli, The Legislative Openness Movement,

https://www.ndi.org/sites/default/files/TheLegislativeOpennessMovement-030917-final.pdf


OpeningParliament.org, Case studies, http://www.openingparliament.org/casestudies/


Rebecca Williams, When will Open Legislative Data come to your town? https://sunlightfoundation.com/2014/05/19/when-will-open-legislative-data-come-to-your-town/




(3) Thomas Forth and Richard Norris, Achieving more with open data at data.parliament.uk: Understanding the user need for Parliamentary data, https://www.parliament.uk/documents/PDS/Achieving-more-with-open-data.pdf


(3) Karolis Granickas, Parliamentary informatics: what data should be open and how multi-stakeholder efforts can help parliaments achieve it, https://www.europeandataportal.eu/sites/default/files/2013_parliamentary_informatics.pdf


Paulina Marczak and Renée Sieber, Linking legislative openness to open data in Canada, https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/full/10.1111/cag.12408


Open Parliament Network, Road Map towards Legislative Openness, http://parlamericas.org/uploads/documents/Roadmap-EN-SCREEN.pdf


Open Parliament Network, a working body of ParlAmericas, outlines the foundations and objectives supporting the Declaration on Parliamentary Openness and the Declaration of Santiago on Transparency and Integrity in Parliaments and Political Parties. In collaboration with CSO’s, the Network characterized transparency, accountability, citizen participation, and ethics and probity as the pillars of legislative openness. Based on these pillars, the roadmap outlines specific measures including adopting legislation, enforcement institutions, and internal parliamentary practices to provide a general framework for government looking to adopt open practices.


#Website

Congressional Data Coalition


We believe Congress should publish legislative information in formats both humans and computers can make sense of. Our mission is to promote greater transparency, preservation, and access to Congressional data.




Wikipedia, Parliamentary Informatics, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Parliamentary_informatics


As defined by this resource, parliamentary informatics involves applying technologies to recording legislative procedures and activities. Governments, private actors, non-profits, and citizens alike can use this tool to monitor parliaments through a more democratic process. The Wikipedia page provides profiles on several countries and their experiences with implementing open parliamentary data.


(technical?) United States Legislative Markup, User Guide for the USLM Schema.

http://uscode.house.gov/download/resources/USLM-User-Guide.pdf


The USLM Schema, based on designs provided by Akoma Ntoso, transforms IS laws into XML and categorizes information based on titles and subject matter. Prepared by the Office of the Law Revision Counsel in 2013, this user guide informs readers on the principles the USLM abides by and details on various data models including abstract models, concrete models, hierarchical models, and many more.


Election - National Democratic Institute (NDI), DemocracyWorks, https://www.demworks.org/demtools


Democracy Works constitutes a set of open-software tools that are designed to involve citizens in political decision making, manage election data, provide more information to civil society, and improve the democratic process. In the past year, leaders of the National Democratic Institute have been advocating for human-centered technological design to further involve citizens voices in the use of open data technologies.


(3) Andrew G. Mandelbaum, Strengthening Parliamentary Accountability, Citizen Engagement and Access to Information: A Global Survey of Parliamentary Monitoring Organizations, https://www.ndi.org/sites/default/files/governance-parliamentary-monitoring-organizations-survey-september-2011.pdf


Legislative Openness Data Explorer, https://beta.openparldata.org/

OKFN blog about LODE, https://blog.okfn.org/2016/07/08/announcing-the-legislative-openness-data-explorer/


Lead by the Legislative Openness Working Group and designed in part by KohoVolit, the explorer provides global comparative information on legislative openness practices, transparency, and resources. Users can search for data, create customizable visualisations based on available data, and contribute new datasets.


OGP - Legislative Openness Working Group, A Toolkit for Advancing Legislative Openness, https://docs.google.com/document/d/11I6y17qMOLjL47VCthfMw04cG38tTa__ryid3q8Xucw/edit


In understanding the current state of legislative openness, this document advocates for OGP participation and the necessity of diverse legislative openness strategies to accommodate different political contexts. By exploring existing commitments and lessons learned regarding openness processes and legislative data content, the key factors to success lie in collaboration, leadership, and support for reform from CSO’s and governments. This document provides tools and next steps for governments looking to enhance citizen engagement and digitally accessible legislative data.


Legislative: Sunlight Foundation, Open Data Policy Hub, https://opendatapolicyhub.sunlightfoundation.com/guidelines/


Created by the Sunlight Foundation, these guidelines are an ongoing attempt to flag challenges faced in opening up legislative data and possible best practices to address them. Answering the what and how of legislative open data, Sunlight aims to work towards governments and parties operating under a system in which data is made available and accessible proactively and by default.


Legislative GovTrack.US, https://www.govtrack.us/


Specific to US Congress members and legislation, GovTrack began in 2004 as a project from the independent Civic Impulse, LLC to make past, current, and upcoming legislative and member data available for Americans to more easily participate in government affairs. Users can search by representative, legislation topic, ongoing legislation, ongoing investigations, and trending political topics to find information on member activities, votes, and bills. Data is compiled from official government sources, community data repositories and through original research.


Legislative: Bill cosponsorship networks in European parliaments, https://github.com/briatte/parlnet


This github page presents a repository of editable R code to plot up to 150 cosponsorship networks from 27 parliamentary chambers in European countries and Israel. Covering an expansive time period (558 years), this tool can prove useful in providing technical assistance to both producers and users of open legislative data.


Legislative: Akoma Ntoso, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Akoma_Ntoso (the original website seems to be down)


Akoma Ntoso (Architecture for Knowledge-Oriented Management of African Normative Texts using Open Standards and Ontologies) exists in XML document schema and offers several possibilities for parliamentary and legislative data construction. Several models of managing open legislative data have been based on this tool, including the European Parliament, the US, and Brazil. This resource provides instruments and models to bolster e-services and make data open and machine-readable.


United States Legislative Markup, User Guide for the USLM Schema.

http://uscode.house.gov/download/resources/USLM-User-Guide.pdf


The USLM Schema, based on designs provided by Akoma Ntoso, transforms IS laws into XML and categorizes information based on titles and subject matter. Prepared by the Office of the Law Revision Counsel in 2013, this user guide informs readers on the principles the USLM abides by and details on various data models including abstract models, concrete models, hierarchical models, and many more.


Legislative: Joshua Tauberer, Open Government Data - the Book, https://opengovdata.io/


Set in the US context, this book tracks the trajectory of the Open Data movement and the way it has played out in American politics, policies, and priorities. This book is written by Joshia Tauberer, creator of GovTrack,us and longtime open government advocate.


Legislative: ParlTrack, https://parltrack.org/


This online platform is a European initiative to improve legislative transparency through the publication of dossiers, information on representatives, voting results, and committee agendas. The data is largely available in JSON formats for further processing. With support from the SIDN foundation, ParlTrack has now updated to a 2.0 version scraping data from official government websites and somewhat maintaining the privacy of its users.


Transparency International EU, EU Integrity Watch, https://www.integritywatch.eu/


To promote integrity in the European Commission's lobby meetings, this interactive database summaries of meetings and proceedings dating back to December 2014. Easy-to-understand graphs and visualizations are provided to allow users to filter through meetings and sift through data.


Resources, Legislative Branch Innovation Hub, https://usgpo.github.io/innovation/resources/


A US based resource, the Hub standardizes legislative activities to create transparency and lines of communication between legislative bodies and civil society organizations. The Hub is maintained by support staff in the Legislative branch via the Bulk Data Task Force and by civil society actors through GitHub Pages.


United Nations: Providing Access to Legal Information to Accelerate Sustainable Development, http://workspace.unpan.org/sites/Internet/Documents/Reeves%20presentation%20final.ppt.pdf


Written by Robert Reeves, deputy clerk of the U.S. House of Representatives, this UN Report highlights that the sustainability good governance is a function of transparency and accountability; achieved through the availability and accessibility of legal information. In highlighting needs, challenges, and potential policies, Reeves advocates for legislative openness and better implementation.


Ricardo Matheus and Manuella Maia Ribeiro, Open data in legislative: the case of São Paulo City Council, https://idl-bnc-idrc.dspacedirect.org/handle/10625/56306 (actually report?)


Kamil Gregor, Visualizing politics: Network analysis of bill sponsors, https://blog.openingparliament.org/post/59496651147/visualizing-politics-network-analysis-of-bill


François Briatte, Using open legislative data to map bill co-sponsorship networks in 15 countries, https://blog.openingparliament.org/post/113803051548/using-open-legislative-data-to-map-bill


Connected to ParlNet, Francois Briatte provides links to R code for ParlNet datasets and further independent research on legislative networks.


Legislative: The Open, Permanent, Electronic, and Necessary (OPEN) Government Data Act (S. 760 / H.R. 1770), https://www.congress.gov/115/bills/s760/BILLS-115s760is.pdf


Proposed by Mr. Schatz in Senate of the United States in 2017, this bill calls for increased use and administration of open government data, characterized as a valuable natural resource, to enable greater transparency and effective governance, create economic opportunities, and strengthen democratic processes.


Electoral Data


Getting Election Data, and Why Open Data is Important, http://shallowsky.com/blog/politics/election-data-2016.html


Election: National Democratic Institute (NDI), DemocracyWorks, https://www.demworks.org/demtools


Democracy Works constitutes a set of open source software that are designed to involve citizens in political decision making, manage election data, provide more information to civil society, and improve the democratic process. In the past year, leaders of the National Democratic Institute have been advocating for human-centered technological design to further involve citizens voices in the use of open data technologies.


Afghanistan Election Data

https://afghanistanelectiondata.org/


Open Election Data Initiative, Election Data Guide, https://openelectiondata.net/en/guide/


This guide is a useful compilation of principles and practices for a wide range of actors from voters, to civil society, to electoral monitoring bodies. By providing examples of open election data practices from Latin America, this guide demonstrates how and why open election practices can and should be implemented.


Electoral: https://developmentseed.org/projects/ndi-afghanistan/


In collaboration, Development Seed and the National Democratic Institute (NDI) are visualising election results and processes in Afghanistan. The success of this initiative stems from its on-the-ground approach to collecting data - this results in localised data presentation and timely data availability. This tool was designed to bring about fairer election processes and rebuild Afghanistan’s democracy.


Electoral: https://www.adrindia.org/about-adr/mission-and-vision


Beginning with the litigation efforts of a few professors from the Indian Institute of Management (IIM) Ahmedabad in 1999, the Association for Democratic Reforms (ADR) seeks to strengthen the electorate and improve the electoral process. Exemplified by the first ADR monitored election in Gujarat in 2002, ADR concentrates on individuals to minimise instances of corruption and create an atmosphere of accountability. By making this data available, ADR hopes help voters make better-informed decisions at the polls.


The OpenElections Project, https://github.com/openelections


This GitHub page features raw and pre-processed datasets of election results for different states in the US.


Electoral Statistics (India), https://data.gov.in/dataset-group-name/electoral-statistics


Supporting India’s Open Data initiative, the portal serves as a platform for government ministries and departments to post datasets and documents for public use. With data management, content management, visitor relationship management, and community modules, the portal aims to exist as a site of increasing transparency and government accountability.


Simon Rogers, US election 2016: How to download county-level results data, https://simonrogers.net/2016/11/16/us-election-2016-how-to-download-county-level-results-data/


Simon Rogers, a data journalist and creator of guardian’s online raw dataset resource, compiles resources to allow readers to access state and country level 2016 US election results.

Official Statistics

https://www.stateofopendata.od4d.net/chapters/sectors/national-statistics.html


National Statistics: http://www.mospi.gov.in/about-ministry-0


As the name suggests, the Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation in India has two roles. This body complies by International Monetary Fund (IMF) Special Data Dissemination Standards (SDDS). To fulfill these requirements, each branch, statistics and implementation, is assigned with tasks to consider and improve the process of data collection, the quality of data collected, and implementation of programs that rely on open national statistics information.

Crime and Justice Data

Crime and Justice: https://services.ecourts.gov.in/ecourtindia_v6/static/about-us.php


A project by the Department of Justice, Ministry of Law and Justice, and the Government of India, this portal hosts information on court proceedings and functioning. This service aims to provide timely data and automate court processes for transparency and accountability purposes. Following two phases over a span of 7 years, the site was launched nationally in 2013 to analyse the impact of laws and policies and improve the quality of actions taken by judicial bodies.


Crime and Justice: https://otvorenesudy.sk/about?l=sk


This Open Courts project was undertaken to improve the credibility of Slovakia’s court system. To address the citizens’ lack of trust in the court system, Open Courts makes available data on court performance and track record of individual judges. The data is published in a format that allows for users to connect data points and make comparisons.

Land Governance and Open Data

https://www.stateofopendata.od4d.net/chapters/sectors/geospatial.html

https://www.stateofopendata.od4d.net/chapters/sectors/land-ownership.html


Geospatial PSMA Administrative Boundaries - Australia, https://data.gov.au/data/dataset/a1b278b1-59ef-4dea-8468-50eb09967f18

After identifying legal identifiers of state boundaries through government mapping data, land registries, Australian Electoral Commission and Australian Bureau of Statistics, the PSMA Australia has released state boundary datasets. The data is updated quarterly and users must comply with Australian privacy policies.


Land and Geospatial GADM Maps and Data, https://gadm.org/index.html

Through ongoing high spatial resolution and data collection, GADM aims to map the administrative areas and boundaries of all countries and subdivisions.


Open Development Mekong - Land

East-West Management Institute - Open Development Initiative

Originally a website called Open Development Cambodia, this resource has been scaled up by Open Development Initiative of the East-West Management Institute (EWMI). The data collected and presented on the initial site, and the processes involved in making that data available, has now been extended to the five Mekong countries (Cambodia, Laos, Thailand, Myanmar, and Vietnam). With extensive country and local networks and partnerships in place, the datasets are curated by open data, journalists, and research articles. The networks and partners involved follow standardised procedures and data visualisation methodologies.


Land Matrix

An independently run public database, Land Matrix tracks and visibilises decisions on large-scale land acquisitions (LSLAs) in low- and middle-income countries. The site invites users to download and contribute to the database and benefit from interactive graphics and data analysis tools. Pages and datasets are divided according to global, regional, and country-wide deals.


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